Text, Speech, Dialogue [TSD'98]

Proceedings of the First Workshop on Text, Speech, Dialogue - TSD'98, Brno, Czech Republic, September 23-26, 1998

Eds. Petr Sojka, Václav Matoušek, Karel Pala, Ivan Kopeček

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Contents
                                    
Table of Contents
I Text
TreeTalk-D: A Machine Learning Approach to Dutch Word Pronunciation...............	3
Berijan Busser (Tilburg University)
Czech National Corpus: Its Character, Goal and Background......................... 9
František Cermák (Charles University', Prague)
Lexithiras: Multi-lingual Corpus Lexicography on PCs ............................. 15
Evangelos Dermatas, George Kokkinakis (University of Pairas)
Text Understanding and Interpreting Methodologies Based on Hermeneutic and
Linguistic Techniques....................................................... 21
Sergey V. Chebanov (Russian Academy of Science), Gregory Y. Martynenko, Tatiana Y. Sherstinova (St. Petersburg State University)
EULER: Multi-Lingual Text-to-Speech Project................................. 27
T Dutoit, F Malfrčre, V. Pagel (Faculte Polytechnique de Mons) P. Mertens (Kath. University Leuven) M. Bagein, A. Ruelle, A. Gilman (Faculte Polytechnique de Mons)
Developing a Language Independent Interactive Bible Concordance on the World
Wide Web................................................................. 33
J. Gareth Evans (Swansea Institute of Higher Education)
Tagging a Morphologically Rich Language.................................. 39
Marcelo Finger (University' ofSao Paulo)
Prague Dependency Treebank: From Analytic to Tectogrammatical Annotations .	45
Eva Hajicová (Charles University, Prague)
Epos — A New Approach to the Speech Synthesis.................................... 51
Jirí Hanika (Charles University, Prague), Petr Horák (Academy of Sciences, Prague)
Technical Insights into the Birth of the Czech National Corpus........................ 55
Jaroslava Hlavácová (Charles University', Prague)
Verb Valency and Semantic Classification of Verbs..................................... 61
Aleš Horák (Masaryk University, Brno)
Automatic Generation of Instructions in a Multiiingual Environment Ivana Kruijff-Korbayová (Charles University, Prague)
x
Adaptation of a Lexical Database in Text Categorization Task................... 73
L Alfonso Urena (Universiclad de Jaén), M. De Buenaga (Universidad Europea de Madrid), M. García (Universidad de Jaén), J. M. Gomez (Universidad Europea de Madrid)
Connection Driven Parsing of Lexicalized TAG..................................... 79
Patrice Lopez (Universit}’ of Nancy)
Construction of Structural Thematic Summary of Text.............................. 85
Natalia V. Loukachevitch, Boris V. Dobrov (Moscow State University)
Using Local Grammars for Agreement Modeling in Highly Inflective Languages.	91
Goran Nenadic, Duško Vitas (University of Belgrade)
Mutual Information in Czech Corpus ESO........................................ 97
Karel Pala, Pavel Rychlý (Masaryk University, Brno)
Recent Improvements in Slovene Text-to-Speech System.......................... 103
Tomaz Sef Ales Dobnikar, Matjaz Gams, Zeljko Khennayer (Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana)
The Improvement of Common Statistical Measure................................. 109
Pavel Rychlý (Masaryk University, Brno)
Partial Parsing Method Applied to Rules Acquisition for Medical Expert System . 113 Maciej Piasecki, Jerzy Sas (Wroclaw University’ of Technology)
TENCO — Automatic Text Encoder................................................ 119
Milena Slavcheva, Boyanka Zaharieva (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,
Sofia)
Semiautomatic Verb Valencies Acquisition and Checking ........................ 123
Pavel Smrt, Aleš Horák (Masaryk University, Brno)
New Tools for Disambiguation of Czech Texts................................... 129
Pavel Smrž, Eva Žáckova (Masaryk University, Brno)
Optimal Joint Procedure for Current Pitch Period Discrimination and Speech Signal Partition into Quasi-Periodic and Non-Periodic Segments .................. 135
Taras K. Vintsiuk (NAS Institute of Cybernetics A UNESCO/IIP International Research-Training Centre for Information Technologies and Systems, Kyjiv)
How Much Training Data Is Required to Remove Data Sparseness in Statistical
Language learning?................................................................... 141
Dan-??? Yang, Mansuk Song (Yonsei University, Seoul)
Classification of Medical Unstructured Text Documents Using the Naive Bayes
Algorithm......................................................................... 147
Jan Žižka, Aleš Bourek (Masaryk University, Brno)
XI
II Speech
Statistics of the Syllable Segments for Speech Synthesis of the Czech Language . 153 ' Robert Batužek (Masaryk University, Brno)
Confidence Measures in Hybrid HMM/ANN Speech Recognition......................... 159
Giulia Bernardis (Dalle Molle Institute for Perceptual Artificial Intelligence, Martigny), Hervé Bourlard (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne)
Experience from the Field — Name Dialing en Masse ............................... 165
Vladimir Bergl, Ken Davies, Abraham Ittycheriah, Andrzej Sakrajda
Harmonics Tracking and Sieving-lntegrating Algorithm for Robust Speech Recognition ........................................................................ 171
Zhang Bo (City University of Hongkong)
A Neural Network-Based Speaker-Independent System for Word Recognition in
Romanian Language.......................................................... 177
Dragof Burileanu, Mihai Sima, Corneliu Burileanu, Victor Croitoru (University of Bucharest)
Automatically Derived Speech Units: Applications to Very Low Rate Coding and
Speaker Verification...................................................... 183
Jan Cernocký(VUTBrno), Genevieve Baudoin (ESIEE Paris), Dijana Petrovska-Delacrétaz (DE-CIRC, EPFL Lausanne), Jean Hennebert (DE-CIRC, EPFL Lausanne), Gerard Chollet (ENST Paris)
Cepstral Trajectory Transformation for Subword Recognition.................. 189
Tibor Fegyó, Péter Tatai (Technical University of Budapest)
The Romanian ROMVOX Text-to-Speech Synthesis System Using a Mixed Time
Domain-LPC Pitch Alteration Technique.................................... 195
Attila Ferencz, Istvdn Nagy, Tiinde-Csilla Kovács, Maria Ferencz, Teodora Rapu (Software ITC), Diana Zaiu (Technical University of Cluj-Napoca)
Pushing Forward the Interface between Recognition and Understanding—How
to Integrate Syntactic Structure into the Output of a Word Recognizer.201
F. Gallwitz, A. Batliner, J. Buckow, R. Huber, H. Niemann, E. Noth (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)
Interfacing of CASA and Multistream Recognition................................207
Hervé Glotin (ICP Grenoble, IDIAP Martigny), Frederic Berthommier, Emmanuel Tessier (ICP Grenoble), Hervé Bourlard (IDIAP Martigny)
Berkeley, Technical University, Brno)
XII
The LPC Analysis and Synthesis of FO Contour.................................219
Petr Horák (Academy of Sciences, Prague)
You BEEP Machine — Emotion in Automatic Speech Understanding Systems .. . 223 R. Huber, E. Noth, A. Batliner, J. Buckow, V. Warnke, H. Niemann (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
An Overview of the Slovenian Spoken Dialog System............................229
Ivo Ipšic, France Mihelic, Simon Dobrišek, Jerneja Gros, Nikola Pavešic (Ljubljana University)
Detection of Sentence Types by the Integrated Prosody Module.................235
Jana Klecková, Václav Matoušek (University of West Bohemia, Plzen)
Extraction of Intonation in Thai Language by Karhunen-Loeve Transformation . . 241 Rachada Kongkachandra, Kreingsak Tamee, Chom Kimpan (King ’s Mongkut Institute of Technology, Bangkok)
Speech Synthesis Based on the Composed Syllable Segments.....................247
Ivan Kopecek (Masaryk University, Brno)
Speech Recognition in a Real Room and Multi-Simultaneous-Speaker Environment251 Athanasios Kontras, Evangelos Dermatas, George Kokkinakis (University of Patras)
Design and Implementation of a Dialog Manager................................257
Jana Krutišová, Václav Matoušek, Jana Ocelíková (Universit}1 of West Bohemia, Plzen)
Phonetic Transcription for the Systems of Speech Synthesis and Recognition .... 263 Vladimíri. Kuznetsov, Tatiana Y Sherstinova (St. Petersburg University)
Generating Spoken Utterances from Concepts and Prosodic Schemes.................269
Pierre Larrey, Nadine Vigouroux, Guy Pérennou (IRIT)
Speaker Verification Using Vector Quantisation..................................275
Eugen Lupu, Petre Pop, Gavril Toderean (Technical University of Cluj-Napoca )
Speech Recognition in Noisy Reverberant Rooms Using Frequency Domain Adaptive Filtering ..............................................................281
George Nokas, Evangelos Dermatas, George Kokkinakis (University of Patras)
Automatic Phonemic Segmentation of Brazilian Portuguese Speech Databases .. 287 Henrique F Nunes (Zelax Tecnologia Brasil), Edson J. Nagle, Cairo H. da Silva, Fernando Runstein, (Fundagäo Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento en Telecomunicagöes, Brasil)
XIII
Recognition of a Weather Forecast Transmitted by the Czech Radio Broadcasting 293 Ludek Midler, Josef Psutka ( University of West Bohemia in Plzen)
Design of the Czech National Speech Corpus for Speech Recognition Applica-
tions with a Large Vocabulary ................................................299
Vlasta Radová (Universit}’ of West Bohemia in Plzen)
Dutch Automatic Speech Recognition............................................305
J. Schalken, L J. M. Rothkrantz (Delft University of Technology)
Development of Multilingual Acoustic Models in the GlobalPhone Project........311
Tanja Schultz, Alex Waibel ( Universität Karlsruhe, Carnegie Mellon University) Using Rules of Consonant Distribution for Russian Continuous Speech Auto-
matic Segmentation ........................................................317
P. Skrelin, K. Shalonova (St. Petersburg State University)
Validity Criterion for Unsupervised Speaker Recognition....................321
Itshak Voitovetsky, Hugo Guterman, Anion Cohen (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
The Structure of the Multimedia Database STD ?.................................327
Ralf Vollmann (University of Graz)
Diphone Voice Synthesis Using Fast Fourier Transformation......................333
Pavel Žikovský and Pavel Slavik (Czech Technical University, Prague)
Simple Speech Classification Using Automatically Generated Rules...............339
Jan Žižka (Masaryk University, Brno), Zdenek Kratochvíl (Technical University, Brno), Luboš Popelínský (Masaryk Universit}’, Brno)
HI Dialogue
Using Dialog Programming for Developing the Speech Oriented Hypertext System AUDIS....................................................................347
Ludek Bártek, Robert Batušek, Marek Fikera, Ivan Kopecek (Masaryk University, Brno)
An Approach of Relevance Theory Modeling in Question Answering Systems ... 351 Guylaine Gonel (Universite Paris 13), Bernard Lcvrat (LERIA, Paris)
A Concept for a Prosodically and Statistically Driven Chunky Semantic Parser .. 357 Jürgen Haas, Manuela Boros, Elmar Noth, Volker Warnke, Heinrich Niemann ( University of Erlangen-Nürnberg)
Using TIL for Semantic Analysis of Text ....................................363
Leo Hadacz (Masaryk University, Brno)
XIV
Partial Parsing and Repairs for Spoken Input................................. 369
Ariane Halber (ENST Paris, Thomson-CSF)
Multilingual Speech Recognition in the Context of Multilingual Information Retrieval Dialogues..............................................................375
Stefan Harbeck, Elmar Nöth, Heinrich Niemann (University of ErlangenNürnberg)
Textual Deep Structure........................................................ 381
Viatcheslav latsko (State University of Khakasia)
Developing a Model of Dialog Strategy .......................................387
Mare Koit, Haidur Öim (University of Tartu)
Dialog Based Programming...................................................... 391
Ivan Kopecek (Masaryk University, Brno)
“Natural Speaking” Information Retrieval Dialog System ....................... 397
Jana Krutišová, Jana Ocelíková, Václav Matoušek, Pavel Mautner (University of West Bohemia, Plzen)
Users’ Behaviours in Spontaneous Oral Dialogue Strategy Design ................403
Carine-Alexia Tavelle, Martine de Calmčs, Guy Pérennou (IRIT)
A Voice Dialing System for Mobile Phones.......................................409
Bálint Lükü (Technical University1 of Budapest)
A Natural Language Web-based Dialogue System with a Talking Face...............415
Anton Nijholt, Mathieu van den Berk, Arjan van Hessen (University of Twente)
Generating Intonation Contours Using Tonal Specifications......................421
Hannes Pirker, Erhard Rank (Öfai Vienna), Harald Trost (University' of Vienna )
An Interface Language for Dialogues ...........................................427
Violeta Quental, Maria Carmelita Padua Dias (Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro), Laura Sanchez Garcia (Universidade Federal do Pa raná)
An Automated Speech Recognition System for Fast-food Restaurant Applications 433 L.J.M. Rothkrantz, F. Mohamed-Hoesein, A. Shirzad (Delft University1 of
Technology)
Remarks on Parsing Written and Spoken	Discourse.......................439
Petr Sgall (Charles University, Prague)
Author Index..........................................................445
Colophon .............................................................447		
                                
Detail
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